Rogue Scholar Digest January 3, 2024


This is a summary of the Rogue Scholar blog posts published December 29, 2023 - January 2, 2024.


Martin Fenner

Front Matter


January 3, 2024

import requests
import locale
import re
from typing import Optional
import datetime
from IPython.display import Markdown

locale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, "en_US")
baseUrl = ""
published_since = "2023-12-13"
published_until = "2023-12-20"
feature_image = 3
include_fields = "title,authors,published_at,summary,blog_name,blog_slug,doi,url,image"
url = (
    + f"posts?&published_since={published_since}&published_until={published_until}&language=en&sort=published_at&order=asc&per_page=50&include_fields={include_fields}"
response = requests.get(url)
result = response.json()

def get_post(post):
    return post["document"]

def format_post(post):
    doi = post.get("doi", None)
    url = f"[{doi}]({doi})\n<br />" if doi else ""
    title = f"[{post['title']}]({doi})" if doi else f"[{post['title']}]({post['url']})"
    published_at = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(post["published_at"]).strftime(
        "%B %-d, %Y"
    blog = f"[{post['blog_name']}]({post['blog_slug']})"
    author = ", ".join([f"{x['name']}" for x in post.get("authors", None) or []])
    summary = post["summary"]
    return f"### {title}\n{url}Published {published_at} in {blog}<br />{author}<br />{summary}\n"

posts = [get_post(x) for i, x in enumerate(result["hits"])]
posts_as_string = "\n\n".join([format_post(x) for x in posts])

def doi_from_url(url: str) -> Optional[str]:
    """Return a DOI from a URL"""
    match =
    if match is None:
        return None

images = [x["image"] for x in posts if x.get("image", None) is not None]
image = images[feature_image]
markdown = f"![]({image})\n\n"
markdown += posts_as_string

A year of looking in on academia
Published December 13, 2023 in Martin Paul Eve
Martin Paul Eve
As many of you know, I took secondment from my academic role this year to work on research and development at Crossref. A variety of factors inspired this, not least my health and wanting to be able to work from home. After a year, I have reflected on my experience of transferring to a very good employer outside of academia. If you did the same, your mileage might vary, because it all depends where you end up working and for whom.

Call for Submissions. Graphic Biographical Fiction (Deadline: 31 August 2024). The Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship Special Collection
Published December 13, 2023 in Everything is Connected
Ernesto Priego
Deadline for full submissions: 31 August 2024.

Type I Error Rates are Not Usually Inflated
Published December 14, 2023 in Critical Metascience
Mark Rubin
The inflation of Type I error rates is thought to be one of the causes of the replication crisis. Questionable research practices such as p-hacking are thought to inflate Type I error rates above their nominal level, leading to unexpectedly high levels of false positives in the literature and, consequently, unexpectedly low replication rates. In this article, I offer an alternative view.

CWTS at EASST-4S in Amsterdam

Published December 14, 2023 in Leiden Madtrics
Leiden Madtrics
The next EASST-4S conference will take place in Amsterdam in July 2024. CWTS colleagues are involved in 9 open panels, showing the diversity of topics studied at CWTS. In this blogpost, they give an overview of the different panels and the topics that will be addressed.

“The Third University of Cambridge”: BBN and the Development of the ARPAnet
Published December 14, 2023 in FreakTakes
Eric Gilliam
We’ve all heard that “DARPA invented the Internet.” But few have heard of BBN, the contractor that did the most work to bring the ARPAnet into existence. Today’s piece dives into the history of BBN and the firm’s unique structure. A firm like BBN winning the main portion of the ARPAnet project was a pivotal reason the ARPAnet project went so smoothly.

Response Letter
Published December 15, 2023 in I.D.E.A.S.
Tejas S. Sathe
Recently, Drs. Robert Wachter and Erik Brynjolfsson published a viewpoint in the Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA on Generative AI in healthcare. We agree with their views and wished to add the following points in a response letter. While our letter was not accepted, we have pre-printed it here.

Preprinting and open peer review at the STI 2023 conference: Evaluation of an open science experiment

Published December 18, 2023 in Leiden Madtrics
Leiden Madtrics
At the STI 2023 conference, an experiment was performed with a more open approach to publication and peer review of conference submissions. In this post, the conference organisers present an evaluation of this experiment.Open science was one of the key topics at the Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (STI) conference that CWTS organised in September 2023 in Leiden, the Netherlands.

Neck-muscle size differentials in diplodocids
Published December 18, 2023 in Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week
Mike Taylor
Let’s look again at Figure 7 of our recent paper on bifurcated cervical ribs in apatosaurines: In this figure, the red muscles (longus colli ventralis) are primarily ventral muscles used to draw the neck downwards, while the blue muscles (flexor colli lateralis) are primarily lateral muscles used to move the neck from side to side.

2023 rOpensci Champions Program: My Experience
Published December 19, 2023 in rOpenSci - open tools for open science
Bilikisu Wunmi Olatunji
Being a part of the rOpenSci Champion’s program has been a transformative experience, pushing me to explore the world of R package development and contribute to the world of open science. While my initial project proposal took a different route, the unexpected journey led me to create a valuable tool that I am proud to call my own – an R package ChartkickR.

A Journey from researcher to influencer: TikTok as a methodological tool

Published December 19, 2023 in Elephant in the Lab
Elias Koch
Introduction In this blog post I dive into the integration of TikTok as a methodological tool for doing ethnographic research on social media influencers.

Advocating for Research Software Engineering in Asia: 2023 in Review
Published December 20, 2023 in Research Software Alliance
Saranjeet Kaur Bhogal
December 2023 Author: Saranjeet Kaur Bhogal In 2023 I was engaged by the Research Software Alliance (ReSA) as a Community Manager for the Asia region, as part of the ReSA mission to advance the research software ecosystem by collaborating with decision makers and key influencers.

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