Rogue Scholar Digest March 13, 2024


This is a summary of the Rogue Scholar blog posts published March 6 - March 12, 2024.


Martin Fenner

Front Matter


March 13, 2024

import requests
import locale
import re
from typing import Optional
import datetime
from IPython.display import Markdown

locale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, "en_US")
baseUrl = ""
published_since = "2024-03-06"
published_until = "2024-03-12"
feature_image = 1
include_fields = "title,authors,published_at,summary,blog_name,blog_slug,doi,url,image"
url = (
    + f"posts?&published_since={published_since}&published_until={published_until}&language=en&sort=published_at&order=asc&per_page=50&include_fields={include_fields}"
response = requests.get(url)
result = response.json()

def get_post(post):
    return post["document"]

def format_post(post):
    doi = post.get("doi", None)
    url = f"[{doi}]({doi})\n<br />" if doi else ""
    title = f"[{post['title']}]({doi})" if doi else f"[{post['title']}]({post['url']})"
    published_at = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(post["published_at"]).strftime(
        "%B %-d, %Y"
    blog = f"[{post['blog_name']}]({post['blog_slug']})"
    author = ", ".join([f"{x['name']}" for x in post.get("authors", None) or []])
    summary = post["summary"]
    return f"### {title}\n{url}Published {published_at} in {blog}<br />{author}<br />{summary}\n"

posts = [get_post(x) for i, x in enumerate(result["hits"])]
posts_as_string = "\n\n".join([format_post(x) for x in posts])

def doi_from_url(url: str) -> Optional[str]:
    """Return a DOI from a URL"""
    match =
    if match is None:
        return None

images = [x["image"] for x in posts if x.get("image", None) is not None]
image = images[feature_image]
markdown = f"![]({image})\n\n"
markdown += posts_as_string

“{Can I have the CLT, please– a straightforward explanation of the Central Limit Theorem and the magic (n )}”
Published March 6, 2024 in JP’s blog
JP Monteagudo
RQ: What exactly is the CLT and what’s the deal with n 30? CLT - mathematical definition and simple terms definition How we use CLT How to know when empirical distribution converges to normal distribution? How did we come up with n $ $ 30? Cohen (1991) Taught that at least 30 observations were needed to use critical-ratio approach used in t-tables when comparing groups.

Designing book covers in half an hour, redux
Published March 6, 2024 in Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week
Mike Taylor
Long-time readers may remember that back in 2013, Matt and I played a game where we each designed a cover, in half an hour, for a book whose name was randomly generated. Here’s what I came up with for The Name of the Names : I really enjoyed that process and even toyed with the idea of offering it as a service for hire, for people creating self-published books.

Marketing Ideas For Your Package
Published March 7, 2024 in rOpenSci - open tools for open science
Yanina Bellini Saibene, Maëlle Salmon
Now that you have created your package, presenting it to the world is a crucial step to gain visibility and attract users . Marketing your package effectively contributes to reaching the people your package can support, finding users to assist you in maintaining and improving your package and allowing you to learn about how people use it. In this blog post we suggest a series of activities and tools for advertising your

JOSSCast #5: Rewrite in Rust – Gui Castelão and Luiz Irber on Gibbs SeaWater Oceanographic Toolbox in Rust
Published March 7, 2024 in Journal of Open Source Software Blog |
Arfon M. Smith
Subscribe Now: Apple, Spotify, YouTube, RSS Gui Castelão and Luiz Irber join Arfon and Abby to discuss their work implementing the Gibbs Sea Water Oceanographic Toolbox of TEOS-10 in Rust, and the role of instrument builders in science. Gui is an oceanographer at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, previously part of the Instrument Developing Group. Luiz is a Computer Science PhD at UC Davis and an avid Rustacean.

Concurrent Evidence: a framework for using evidence from multiple disciplines
Published March 7, 2024 in Leiden Madtrics
Tsuyoshi Hondou, Ismael Rafols
Studies on transdisciplinary research often focus on how different forms of expertise are brought together to build robust knowledge. However, in policy and legal affairs, there are many situations in which it is not possible to use new transdisciplinary knowledge due to contextual factors, such as urgency, political expediency, or lack of resources.

The Pitfalls of Preregistration
Published March 7, 2024 in Critical Metascience

Notes on Presentations by Chris Donkin and Stephan Lewandowsky

Managing Lockheed’s Skunk Works
Published March 7, 2024 in FreakTakes
Eric Gilliam
And Many Stories About the Maleffects of Bureaucracy on R&D

Inspiring Inclusion: The 9th Annual Women in Science Conference
Published March 8, 2024 in GigaBlog
Nicole Nogoy
The 9th Women in Science Conference took place in Shenzhen. Below are some highlights from the conference co-organized by our Publishing Director, Laurie Goodman, and Co-Chaired by Doris Yang, from BGI-College. Today,  March 8, 2024 marks International Women’s Day – where women’s achievement and inclusivity is celebrated.

A plagiarised edtech book and nobody cares
Published March 8, 2024 in Posts | Prof. Dr. Marco Kalz
Marco Kalz
Some of my regular readers might remember that I have reported a case of AI-supported plagiarism in a book on learning analytics which has been published in German last year see original post here. One of our papers has been plagiarized by a team of authors who have published a book in German on “Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics”. Here I report about what has happened since I have reported the case.

Pre Self: what fraction of a journal’s papers are preprinted?
Published March 9, 2024 in quantixed
Stephen Royle
Answering the question of what fraction of a journal’s papers were previously available as a preprint is quite difficult to do. The tricky part is matching preprints (from a number of different servers) with the published output from a journal.

rOpenSci Dev Guide 0.9.0: Multilingual Now! And Better
Published March 11, 2024 in rOpenSci - open tools for open science
Maëlle Salmon, Mark Padgham, Noam Ross
rOpenSci Software Peer Review’s guidance is gathered in an online book that keeps improving!This blog post summarises what’s new in our Dev Guide 0.9.0, with all changes listed in the changelog.Now available in Spanish!

Papermills prefer Open Access
Published March 11, 2024 in Stories by Adam Day on Medium
Adam Day
TL;DR: the rate of Papermill Alarm alerts is significantly higher in gold OA content than it is in subscription content. If you’re concerned about papermills, Clear Skies offers the Papermill Alarm: the world’s leading papermill detection tool. Get in touch for a demo. I’m a big believer in Open Science.

Open Access Repositories in Transition: Strategies for Professionalization
Published March 11, 2024 in FIS & EPub
In 1995, one of the first institutional Open Access repositories in Germany, MONARCH, was launched at the Technical University of Chemnitz (Blumtritt, 2006). These early repositories, aimed to publish theses dissertations.

The Comics Grid: Call for Comics Studies Book Reviews (Spring 2024)
Published March 11, 2024 in Everything is Connected
Ernesto Priego
The Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship is seeking contributions to its book reviews section. The journal seeks 2,000- to 2,500-word scholarly reviews of academic publications on comics and graphic novels, historical to contemporary, global north to global south, in all comics cultures.

Enhancing PubMed: from a Medical Database to beyond
Published March 11, 2024 in Stories by Research Graph on Medium
Research Graph
An introduction to tools supporting PubMed Author: Xuzeng He ( ORCID: 0009–0005–7317–7426) PubMed is a free Web literature search service developed and maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information ( NCBI ), and it is also a part of NCBI’s Entrez retrieval system that provides access to a diverse set of 38 databases.

Preprints: Opening Surgical Science to Greater Innovation and Transparency
Published March 12, 2024 in I.D.E.A.S.
Tejas S. Sathe
This is a preprint of a perspective paper that has been submitted for peer review. Think about the last time you submitted a paper. After meticulous editing, you uploaded your manuscript and hit the “submit” button. Then, you waited. And waited. The reviewers requested revisions, which you obliged. More waiting. Finally, the paper was accepted and sent for proofing. You were one of the lucky ones.

Retraction activities of EdTech journals
Published March 12, 2024 in Posts | Prof. Dr. Marco Kalz
Marco Kalz
Due to my current side-project of getting a plagiarised, AI-generated book retracted, I was curious to see how selected top-ranked journals in Educational Technology have been actively retracting articles. I have been using the GoogleScholar ranking and have focused on journals I would include in this list. Here is a table of my findings.

The Ethical and Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence
Published March 12, 2024 in Stories by Research Graph on Medium
Research Graph
Addressing Misinformation, Bias, and Privacy Concerns Author: Wenyi Pi (ORCID: 0009–0002–2884–2771 ) Recently, the spread of false or misinformation has become an important concern for people all over the world, especially in the era of big data and multimedia, where people are faced with a flood of information that makes it difficult to determine its

How Much Can Vision Language Models Really ‘See’?
Published March 12, 2024 in Stories by Research Graph on Medium
Research Graph
Exploring the potentials and limitations of Vision Language Models Author: Amanda Kau (ORCID: 0009–0004–4949–9284 ) The human brain is more extraordinary than any machine we could build. From an early age, many of us gain the ability to comprehend what our eyes tell us and articulate it. Furthermore, we combine evidence from all our senses to reason.

Language Models: Deep Dive into BERT
Published March 12, 2024 in Stories by Research Graph on Medium
Research Graph
Unlocking the power of language models: A deep dive into BERT Author: Dhruv Gupta (ORCID: 0009–0004–7109–5403 ) Clive Humby, in 2006 rightly said, “Data is the new oil”. With data being present everywhere, it has never been more valuable.

Ethics and AI: Confronting the Challenges Ahead
Published March 12, 2024 in Stories by Research Graph on Medium
Research Graph
Exploring AI’s Ethical Terrain: Addressing Bias, Security, and Beyond Author Vaibhav Khobragade ORCID: 0009–0009–8807–5982 Large language models (LLMs) like OpenAI’s GPT-4, Meta’s LLaMA, and Google Gemini (previously called Bard) have showcased their vast capabilities, from passing bar exams and crafting articles to generating images and website code.

Why were prehistoric sea creatures so tiny?
Published March 12, 2024 in Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week
Mike Taylor
My friend Toby Lowther wrote to me back in December to ask this question: It’s strange, isn’t it? The last I knew, Shonisaurus was the largest ichthyosaur, at about 20 m and 50 tonnes, and this is considerably bigger than any plesiosaur or mosasaur I know of. It’s up the sperm-whale size category, but not even close to the bigger baleen whales. Why not?

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